The four elements of Earth, Air, Fire, and Water, are the four classical elements celebrated in Wicca. A fifth element, Ether/Spirit/Akasha, is also used in many Wiccan traditions.
These elements are symbolic of physical, spiritual and emotional attributes and are part of nature and ourselves. Ancient Greeks believed these four elements were at the root of all existing matter. Some see the five points on the Pentacle as representing the five elements.
The elements are commonly invoked at the beginning of rituals or used in their physical forms to symbolically purify the ritual circle. Each element has associated symbols, rituals and meanings, which are outlined below. Note the correspondences below are in reference to the Northern Hemisphere.
Earth represents permanence, stability, strength, security, wisdom, practicality, materialism, wealth, abundance, prosperity, patience, truth, and responsibility.
Earth symbols include the earth, soil, rocks, mountains, trees. Types of magic using earth energies include gardening, grounding, working with stone/crystals, knots, binding, money spells, and runes. Rituals include burying objects in the earth, herbalism, planting trees/plants, and making images out of wood or stone.
|Symbols||Rocks, fields, soil, salt, caves, clay|
|On Pentagram||Lower left|
|Goddesses||Gaia/Gaea, Ceres, Demeter, Mah, Nephtys, Persephone, Rhea|
|Gods||Adonis, Athos, Arawn, Cernunnos, Dionysus, Pan|
|Spirits||Gnomes, Dwarfs, Trolls|
|Cycle of life||Old Age|
|Colours||Black, green, yellow, brown|
|Zodiac signs||Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn|
|Stones and jewels||Amethyst, angelite, azurite, celestite, agate (green, moss), cat’s eye, coal, emerald, geodes, halite/salt, jasper, jet, obsidian, olivine, onyx, peridot, quartz, tourmaline|
|Magick tools||Pentacle, pentagram, salt, stones/gems, cords|
|Herbal||Ivy, grains, oats, rice, patchouli, lichens|
|Trees||Cypress, Honeysuckle, Jasmin, Lilac|
|Animals||Cow, bull, dog, horse, ant, bears, wolf, deer/stag, buffalo|
|Instruments||Drums and percussion|
|Type of magick||Gardening, magnet images, working with stones/crystals, knots, binding, money spells, grounding, runes|
|Ritual Action||Burying objects in the earth, herbalism, planting trees/plants, and making images out of wood or stone|
Air represents the mind and intelligence, knowledge, communication, inspiration, imagination, intuition, illumination, ideas, freedom, clarity, telepathy, psychic powers, dreams and wishes, travel, finding lost things, ability to know & understand, brainstorming, and new beginnings.
Air symbols include the sky, wind, clouds, vibrations, smoke, feathers, plants, trees, flowers. Types of magic using Air energies include divination, concentration, visualization, wind magick, feather magick, prophecy, and karma work. Air related rituals include playing a flute or wind instrument, tossing objects in the wind, burning incense & aromatherapy, hanging objects in trees/high places.
|Cycle of Life||Birth, Infancy|
|Moon Phase||New, Waxing|
|Symbols||Sky, wind, clouds, breath, vibrations, smoke, feathers, plants, herbs, trees, flowers|
|Goddesses||Danu, Athena, Aradia, Arianrhod, Cardea, Nuit, Urania|
|Spirits/Elementals||Sylphs, Zephyrs, Fairies of trees, flowers and winds|
|Magick tools||Censer, athame, sword, wand|
|Rule of Magnus||To Know|
|Zodiac Signs||Gemini, Libra, Aquarius|
|Animals||Doves, hawk, eagle, foxes, turtle, raven, spider|
|Trees/Plants||Wildflowers, lavender, clover, lemon balm, ash trees, birch, aspen, beech, acacia, almond, hazel, linden, maple, pine|
|Herbal||Frankincence, myrrh, pansy, primrose, vervain, violet, yarrow, dill, clove|
|Gems & Stones||Fluorite, moonstone, turquoise, amethyst, rhodochrosite, silver, topaz, pumice, alexandrite|
|Instruments||Flute, wind instruments|
|Type of magick||Divination, concentration, visualization, wind magick, prophecy, karma work|
|Ritual Action||Playing a flute/wind instrument, tossing objects in the wind, burning incense & aromatherapy, hanging objects in trees/high places, discovering lost items, developing psychic abilities|
Fire represents change, energy, inspiration, love, sexuality, passion, life force, spirit, will, leadership, faith and trust, elusiveness, innocence, physical and personal vulnerability, relationships with others and self, renewal, self-healing, stress, courage, strength, protection.
Fire symbols include the sun, stars, volcanoes, lava, eruptions, heat, flame, candles, bonfires, saunas, lightning, heated objects (stones in particular), fire forged objects, red feathers, blood, and sap. Types of magick using fire include healing and destroying, purification, love spells, and energy work. Fire related rituals include burning objects, lighting candles and fires, cauldron work, and baking.
|Colours||Red, green, gold, crimson, orange, white|
|Time of Day||Noon|
|Cycle of Life||Youth|
|Moon Phase||Waxing to Full|
|Goddesses||Brigit, Hestia, Pele, Vesta|
|Gods||Mars, Agni, Horus, Prometheus, Vulcan, Ra, Lugh|
|Magick tools||Athame, sword, wand, candle, censer, lamps, daggers, spear, staff (Some traditions align the Wand with Air)|
|Rule of Magnus||To Will|
|Zodiac Signs||Aries, Leo, Sagittarius|
|Chakra||Solar Plexus, Heart|
|Tarot Cards||Wands (Inspiration, Spiritual), Knights|
|On Pentagram||Lower right|
|Animals||Phoenix, squirrels, tigers, lions, porcupine, badger, coyote, fox, cats, bear, rabbit, snakes, hawk, dragon, horse, snake, cricket, mantis, ladybug, bee, scorpion|
|Trees/Plants||Alder, Ash, Cashew, Cedar, Chestnut, Fig, Juniper, Mahogany, Oak, Holly, Rowan, Walnut, Maple|
|Herbal||Nettles, sunflower, garlic, hibiscus, red/chili peppers, cinnamon, coffee, beans, seeds, nuts, mustard, onion|
|Incense||Sweetgrass, myrrh, cedar, frankincense, dragon’s blood, juniper, sage, clover, thyme, cinnamon, cedar|
|Gems & Stones||Jasper, ruby, fire agate, blood stone, garnet, fire opal, pink carnelian, red carnelian, red amber, amber calcite, blue amber, yellow and gold fluorite, citrine, lava|
|Metals||Gold, brass, iron/steel|
|Instruments||Guitar, string instruments|
|Positive Traits||Energetic, daring, passionate, enthusiastic, intelligent|
|Negative Traits||Resentful, angry, jealous, stubborn, greedy, arrogant|
Water represents emotions, feelings, courage, absorption, subconscious/ unconscious mind, intuition, purification, cleansing, eternal movement, wisdom, the soul, vision quests, self-healing, sorrow, reflection, psychic ability, emotional aspects of love and femininity, the womb, menstruation, fertility, marriage, happiness, friendship, dreams, sleep, and healing.
Water symbols include oceans, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, springs, wells, pools, fog, or rain. Types of magick using water include mirror divinations, magnet work, love magick, lucid dreaming, cleansing, or protection spells. Water related rituals include ritual bathing, dilution, washing, sprinkling, brewing, or tossing objects into water.
|Colours||Blue, turquoise/aqua, green, grey, indigo, black|
|Time of Day||Twilight, dusk, evening|
|Cycle of Life||Maturity|
|Moon Phase||Full, Waning|
|Goddesses||Aphrodite, Isis, Marianne, Selene, Arianhrod, Hecate, Persephone, Inanna|
|Gods||Dylan, Ea, Manannan, Osiris, Neptune, Poseidon|
|Spirits/Elementals||Undines, Nymphs, Mermaids, Fairies of ponds, lakes or streams|
|Magick tools||Cup, goblet, chalice, cauldron, mirror, water|
|Rule of Magnus||To Dare|
|Zodiac Signs||Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces|
|Planets||Neptune, Venus, Moon|
|Tarot Cards||Cups (Emotion, Feeling), Queens|
|On Pentagram||Upper right|
|Animals||Whales, albatross, fish, water snakes, dolphin, cat, frog, turtle, swan, crab, dragon|
|Trees/Plants||Willow, magnolia, lavender, water plants, gardenia, apple, apricot, birch, elder, elm, rose|
|Herbal||Water plants, ferns, lotus, mosses, bushes, water lilies, gardenia|
|Incense||lotus, sandalwood, myrrh, mugwort, camphor, vanilla, violet, chamomile, jasmine, raspberry, catnip, cherry, hibiscus|
|Gems & Stones||Aquamarine, amethyst, blue tourmaline, pearl, coral, blue topaz, fluorite|
|Metals||Mercury, silver, copper|
|Instruments||Anything resonant, harmonica, cymbals, harp, lyre|
|Positive Traits||Forgiving, easy going, sensitive, gracious, compassionate, wise|
|Negative Traits||Overly emotional, weepy, lazy|
The element of Spirit, or Ether or Akasha (Sanskrit), represents the universal inner space, the material that fills the region of the universe above the terrestrial sphere. (Wiki)
Spirit represents the prime element present in all things, providing space, connection and balance for all elements to exist. It is essential to our sense of connectedness with spirit and well-being. Spirit represents represents the sense of joy and union, transcendence, transformation, change, everywhere and nowhere, within and without, immanence. It represents the human spirit and energy of the Goddess and God.
Types of magick include enlightenment, findng your life path, spiritual knowledge, seeing and understanding karmic paths of life.
|Direction||Centre, circumference, complete lack of direction and dimension|
|Colours||White, Black, Purple|
|Season||The turning wheel of the year|
|Goddesses||The Lady, Isis|
|Gods||The Horned God, Akasha|
|Magick tools||Pentacle, robe, cord, rope|
|Rule of Magnus||To become perfected|
|Symbols||Infinity, the cosmos, godhead, the creator, infinity sign, wheel, pentacle|
|Chakra||Crown, Third Eye|
|Trees/Plants||Mistletoe, the flowing almond tree|
|Gems & Stones||Quartz, diamonds|
|Sense||Sixth sense, intuition|
© West Coast Pagan