Elements & Correspondences

The four elements of Earth, Air, Fire, and Water, are the four classical elements celebrated in Wicca. A fifth element, Ether/Spirit/Akasha, is also used in many Wiccan traditions. 

These elements are symbolic of physical, spiritual and emotional attributes and are part of nature and ourselves.  Ancient Greeks believed these four elements were at the root of all existing matter.  Some see the five points on the Pentacle as representing the five elements.


The elements are commonly invoked at the beginning of rituals or used in their physical forms to symbolically purify the ritual circle.  Each element has associated symbols, rituals and meanings, which are outlined below.  Note the correspondences below are in reference to the Northern Hemisphere.


Earth represents permanence, stability, strength, security, wisdom, practicality, materialism, wealth, abundance, prosperity, patience, truth, and responsibility.

Earth symbols include the earth, soil, rocks, mountains, trees.  Types of magic using earth energies include gardening, grounding, working with stone/crystals, knots, binding, money spells, and runes.  Rituals include burying objects in the earth, herbalism, planting trees/plants, and making images out of wood or stone.

SymbolsRocks, fields, soil, salt, caves, clay
On PentagramLower left
GoddessesGaia/Gaea, Ceres, Demeter, Mah, Nephtys, Persephone, Rhea
GodsAdonis, Athos, Arawn, Cernunnos, Dionysus, Pan
SpiritsGnomes, Dwarfs, Trolls
TimeMidnight, Night
Cycle of lifeOld Age
ColoursBlack, green, yellow, brown
Zodiac signsTaurus, Virgo, Capricorn
Stones and jewelsAmethyst, angelite, azurite, celestite, agate (green, moss), cat’s eye, coal, emerald, geodes, halite/salt, jasper, jet, obsidian, olivine, onyx, peridot, quartz, tourmaline
Magick toolsPentacle, pentagram, salt, stones/gems, cords
MetalsIron, lead
HerbalIvy, grains, oats, rice, patchouli, lichens
TreesCypress, Honeysuckle, Jasmin, Lilac
AnimalsCow, bull, dog, horse, ant, bears, wolf, deer/stag, buffalo
InstrumentsDrums and percussion
Type of magickGardening, magnet images, working with stones/crystals, knots, binding, money spells, grounding, runes
Ritual ActionBurying objects in the earth, herbalism, planting trees/plants, and making images out of wood or stone


Air represents the mind and intelligence, knowledge, communication, inspiration, imagination, intuition, illumination, ideas, freedom, clarity, telepathy, psychic powers, dreams and wishes, travel, finding lost things, ability to know & understand, brainstorming, and new beginnings.

Air symbols include the sky, wind, clouds, vibrations, smoke, feathers, plants, trees, flowers.  Types of magic using Air energies include divination, concentration, visualization, wind magick, feather magick, prophecy, and karma work.  Air related rituals include playing a flute or wind instrument, tossing objects in the wind, burning incense & aromatherapy, hanging objects in trees/high places.

Cycle of LifeBirth, Infancy
Moon PhaseNew, Waxing
SymbolsSky, wind, clouds, breath, vibrations, smoke, feathers, plants, herbs, trees, flowers
SabbatImbolc, Ostara
GoddessesDanu, Athena, Aradia, Arianrhod, Cardea, Nuit, Urania
GodsMercury, Thoth
Spirits/ElementalsSylphs, Zephyrs, Fairies of trees, flowers and winds
Magick toolsCenser, athame, sword, wand
Rule of MagnusTo Know
Zodiac SignsGemini, Libra, Aquarius
PlanetsMercury, Uranus
AnimalsDoves, hawk, eagle, foxes, turtle, raven, spider
Trees/PlantsWildflowers, lavender, clover, lemon balm, ash trees, birch, aspen, beech, acacia, almond, hazel, linden, maple, pine
HerbalFrankincence, myrrh, pansy, primrose, vervain, violet, yarrow, dill, clove
Gems & StonesFluorite, moonstone, turquoise, amethyst, rhodochrosite, silver, topaz, pumice, alexandrite
MetalsTin, copper
InstrumentsFlute, wind instruments
Type of magickDivination, concentration, visualization, wind magick, prophecy, karma work
Ritual ActionPlaying a flute/wind instrument, tossing objects in the wind, burning incense & aromatherapy, hanging objects in trees/high places, discovering lost items, developing psychic abilities


Fire represents change, energy, inspiration, love, sexuality, passion, life force, spirit, will, leadership, faith and trust, elusiveness, innocence, physical and personal vulnerability, relationships with others and self, renewal, self-healing, stress, courage, strength, protection.

Fire symbols include the sun, stars, volcanoes, lava, eruptions, heat, flame, candles, bonfires, saunas, lightning, heated objects (stones in particular), fire forged objects, red feathers, blood, and sap.  Types of magick using fire include healing and destroying, purification, love spells, and energy work.  Fire related rituals include burning objects, lighting candles and fires, cauldron work, and baking.

ColoursRed, green, gold, crimson, orange, white
Time of DayNoon
Cycle of LifeYouth
Moon PhaseWaxing to Full
SabbatBeltane, Litha/Midsummer
GoddessesBrigit, Hestia, Pele, Vesta
GodsMars, Agni, Horus, Prometheus, Vulcan, Ra, Lugh
Spirits/ElementalsSalamanders, Firedrakes
Magick toolsAthame, sword, wand, candle, censer, lamps, daggers, spear, staff (Some traditions align the Wand with Air)
Rule of MagnusTo Will
Zodiac SignsAries, Leo, Sagittarius
PlanetsMars, Sun
ChakraSolar Plexus, Heart
Tarot CardsWands (Inspiration, Spiritual), Knights
On PentagramLower right
AnimalsPhoenix, squirrels, tigers, lions, porcupine, badger, coyote, fox, cats, bear, rabbit, snakes, hawk, dragon, horse, snake, cricket, mantis, ladybug, bee, scorpion
Trees/PlantsAlder, Ash, Cashew, Cedar, Chestnut, Fig, Juniper, Mahogany, Oak, Holly, Rowan, Walnut, Maple
HerbalNettles, sunflower, garlic, hibiscus, red/chili peppers, cinnamon, coffee, beans, seeds, nuts, mustard, onion
IncenseSweetgrass, myrrh, cedar, frankincense, dragon’s blood, juniper, sage, clover, thyme, cinnamon, cedar
Gems & StonesJasper, ruby, fire agate, blood stone, garnet, fire opal, pink carnelian, red carnelian, red amber, amber calcite, blue amber, yellow and gold fluorite, citrine, lava
MetalsGold, brass, iron/steel
InstrumentsGuitar, string instruments
Positive TraitsEnergetic, daring, passionate, enthusiastic, intelligent
Negative TraitsResentful, angry, jealous, stubborn, greedy, arrogant


Water represents emotions, feelings, courage, absorption, subconscious/ unconscious mind, intuition, purification, cleansing, eternal movement, wisdom, the soul, vision quests, self-healing, sorrow, reflection, psychic ability, emotional aspects of love and femininity, the womb, menstruation, fertility, marriage, happiness, friendship, dreams, sleep, and healing.

Water symbols include oceans, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, springs, wells, pools, fog, or rain.  Types of magick using water include mirror divinations, magnet work, love magick, lucid dreaming, cleansing, or protection spells.  Water related rituals include ritual bathing, dilution, washing, sprinkling, brewing, or tossing objects into water.

ColoursBlue, turquoise/aqua, green, grey, indigo, black
Time of DayTwilight, dusk, evening
Cycle of LifeMaturity
Moon PhaseFull, Waning
SabbatLughnasadh/Lammas, Mabon
GoddessesAphrodite, Isis, Marianne, Selene, Arianhrod, Hecate, Persephone, Inanna
GodsDylan, Ea, Manannan, Osiris, Neptune, Poseidon
Spirits/ElementalsUndines, Nymphs, Mermaids, Fairies of ponds, lakes or streams
Magick toolsCup, goblet, chalice, cauldron, mirror, water
Rule of MagnusTo Dare
Zodiac SignsCancer, Scorpio, Pisces
PlanetsNeptune, Venus, Moon
Tarot CardsCups (Emotion, Feeling), Queens
On PentagramUpper right
AnimalsWhales, albatross, fish, water snakes, dolphin, cat, frog, turtle, swan, crab, dragon
Trees/PlantsWillow, magnolia, lavender, water plants, gardenia, apple, apricot, birch, elder, elm, rose
HerbalWater plants, ferns, lotus, mosses, bushes, water   lilies, gardenia
Incenselotus, sandalwood, myrrh, mugwort, camphor, vanilla, violet, chamomile, jasmine, raspberry, catnip, cherry, hibiscus
Gems & StonesAquamarine, amethyst, blue tourmaline, pearl, coral, blue topaz, fluorite
MetalsMercury, silver, copper
InstrumentsAnything resonant, harmonica, cymbals, harp, lyre
Positive TraitsForgiving, easy going, sensitive, gracious,   compassionate, wise
Negative TraitsOverly emotional, weepy, lazy


The element of Spirit, or Ether or Akasha (Sanskrit), represents the universal inner space, the material that fills the region of the universe above the terrestrial sphere. (Wiki)

Spirit represents the prime element present in all things, providing space, connection and balance for all elements to exist.  It is essential to our sense of connectedness with spirit and well-being.  Spirit represents represents the sense of joy and union, transcendence, transformation, change, everywhere and nowhere, within and without, immanence.  It represents the human spirit and energy of the Goddess and God.

Types of magick include enlightenment, findng your life path, spiritual knowledge, seeing and understanding karmic paths of life.

DirectionCentre, circumference, complete lack of direction and dimension
ColoursWhite, Black, Purple
SeasonThe turning wheel of the year
GoddessesThe Lady, Isis
GodsThe Horned God, Akasha
Magick toolsPentacle, robe, cord, rope
Rule of MagnusTo become perfected
SymbolsInfinity, the cosmos, godhead, the creator, infinity sign, wheel, pentacle
ChakraCrown, Third Eye
Trees/PlantsMistletoe, the flowing almond tree
Gems & StonesQuartz, diamonds
SenseSixth sense, intuition
Positive TraitsWisdom
Negative TraitsSelf-destruction

The Wiccan Elements

All imagery from Ravenari on Deviantart

© West Coast Pagan


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